The Vickers Type 287 Wellesley long-range bomber was built by Vickers at Weybridge from January 1937, having been designed by the company’s Chief Structural Designer, Barnes Wallis, who later designed the Wellington bomber using a similar revolutionary light-weight geodetic framework. The first production Wellesley flew on 30 January 1937 and
Designed by Alexander Kartveli, Republic Aviation’s chief engineer, the P-47 was one of the outstanding designs of World War II, being the mount of some of Americas top scoring aces, undertaking some 546,000 combat sorties between March 1943 and August 1945, during which 1,934,000 operational hours were accumulated.
Known as the Schwalbe (Swallow), or Sturmvogel (storm petrel) the Me 262 was unquestionably the foremost fighter of its day, with a heavy armament, and a performance far superior to any aircraft available to the Allies during the latter stages of World War II.
The MiG 17 was a total redesign of the MiG 15, some 6,000 being built in the Soviet Union, and large numbers were built under licence in Poland (as the Lim 5), China (as the J-5, J-5A and JJ-5), and Czechoslovakia.
Designed by Sueo Honjo, and produced by Mitsubishi Jukogyo K K, the prototype G3M “Nell” powered by two 448 kw (600-hp) Hiro Type 91 liquid-cooled engines was flown in April 1935 and attained a maximum speed of 314 km/h (195 mph).
In 1936 the Japanese Air Headquarters issued a specification for a twin-engined monoplane heavy bomber and, to meet this requirement, a number of aircraft designs were proposed by Japanese manufacturers.
Following the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950, the USAF found it was in need of a medium bomber and, as designs of bombers by Martin and North American were a long way from introduction to service, the decision was made to build the English Electric Canberra under licence,
Following the success of the PV-1 Ventura, the chief engineer of Lockheed Vega commenced work on development of a new variant to meet USN requirements, this model, the PV-2 Harpoon, having an increased wingspan, a re-designed tail, an increase in fuel capacity and an increase in all up weight.
In June 1940 The Vega Aircraft Division of the Lockheed Aircraft Corp at Burbank, California, was awarded a contract by the British Purchasing Commission to supply 875 examples of a new bomber derived from the Lockheed 18 airliner.
The LVG series of aircraft was designed by Franz Schneider, and developed by Luft-Verkehrs Gesellschaft Johannistal (LVG), this company producing a series of unarmed reconnaissance and bomber aircraft during World War I, aircraft in this series forming part of the equipment of the German air force units at the outbreak
The Martin Model 123 was designed and built as a private venture, this being an attempt by Glenn L Martin Co to obtain contracts from the US Army for an aircraft to be involved in early bomb-dropping experiments.
In 1934 the British Air Ministry foresaw the problems that may later occur in Europe and decided upon a major expansion programme for its military services, one of the fruits of this plan being the Hawker Hind light bomber, designed as an interim replacement for the Hawker Hart, which had
The Hurricane was designed by Sydney Camm to Air Ministry specification F36/34, the prototype (K5083) built at Kingston making its first flight on 6 November 1935, the first production aircraft flying on 12 October 1937, and the first unit to receive the aircraft being No 111 squadron at Northolt.
Originally required as a navigation trainer for the RAF, the military conversion of the eleven-passenger Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra promised so much in performance that the decision was made in 1938 to order the type for the RAF off the drawing board as the Model 214 Hudson.
The G.V was one of a series of long-range heavy bombers built by Gothaer Waggonfabrick A G Gotha in Germany which produced the type in some numbers during World War I, the series also being licence built by Luft Verkehrs GmbH (LVG) and Siemens Schuckert Werke GmbH.
One of the most important bombers of World War II, a total of 6,179 Handley Page Halifax’s had been built by time the production ended, having been built by Handley Page (1,592), English Electric (2,145), London Aircraft Production Group – LAPG (710); Rootes Securities (1,071) and Fairey Aviation (662).
The prototype of the HP.80 Victor (WB771) made its first flight on 24 December 1952 but the programme suffered a setback when, on 14 July 1954, during a low-level run at Cranfield the ‘structural rigidity of the tail was slightly reduced by a minor fatigue failure’ causing the tailplane to
The FW 190 was designed by Kurt Tank, technical director of the Focke Wulf Flugzeugbau, and was one of the most successful fighter aircraft of World War II, commencing life powered by a two-row BMW radial engine, final variants being powered by Junkers Jumo in-line engines.